Lesson 5

Messianic psalms

Since David was a type or pattern of his greater descendant, Jesus, one can see all of the psalms as messianic. Paul taught “2Co 1:20  For all the promises of God find their Yes in him.” This would mean that all the prayers and praises offered in the book of Psalms are consummated in God’s Son. Psalm 69 is easily seen as messianic as seven of its verses are quoted n the N T, making it the next most quoted psalm after 22 and 110. It relates to Christ in general and specifically in reference to his atoning death for sinners.

A word on Book Two

Recall that Book Two focuses on the king, his city, and his temple as doing His salvation work for the world to see. The blessing given to Israel is extended to the whole world. This could only be fulfilled in Christ.

Psalm 69

This psalm presents elements of lament and praise. It is very pointed and vivid, as it shows suffering, praise, severe imprecations and anticipates Christ.

This psalm is a prayer of desperation. David realizes that because he is hated by others, he may shortly be killed. Though he begs for rescue, and calls down curses on his enemies, he concludes the psalm with a high note of praise, with inferences concerning the coming messianic kingdom when all enemies of God’s people are dealt with swiftly and severely (compare Rev. 2:27). Much of this psalm was applied to Christ by the New Testament writers.

Jesus quotes 69:4 and applies it to himself. Joh 15:25  But the word that is written in their Law must be fulfilled: ‘They hated me without a cause.’

Verse 69:9 is directly applied to Jesus by the apostles. It was when he had thrown the shopkeepers out of the temple. This zeal spoken of here, is the keeping of the letter of the law. These people in authority in the temple, had been taught by Gamaliel. They knew the letter of the law; they did not know the lawgiver.

Joh 2:16  And he told those who sold the pigeons, “Take these things away; do not make my Father’s house a house of trade.” Joh 2:17  His disciples remembered that it was written, “Zeal for your house will consume me.”

David indicates 10-11that it was not the temple that annoyed the detractors but the religion practiced there. Salvation involves self-humiliation before God’s holiness along with the sacrificial blood of Christ. Joh 3:19

Ps 69:13-18 is a series of repeated cries for rescue.

  • As the psalm develops he seems to be growing in confidence that the Lord will hear him and answer his prayers.
  • We see how to respond when rejected by the world

→Imprecatory Prayers (IM’PRECATORY, a. Containing a prayer for evil to befall a person.)

Someone may suggest that whatever the use of the rest of the psalm may be to the Christian, the imprecations are foreign to us. Acts 1:20 quotes and applies Ps 69:25 to explain the loss of Judas.

Paul in Romans 11:9-10 quotes Psalm 69:22-23 to explain the loss of the non elect in Israel.

  • We need to remember that imprecations apply to those who unrepentantly persevere in evil against God. They apply especially to those who have known the covenant of God and have knowingly rejected it.

God has promised judgement for those who are confirmed in sin: Heb 6:4 , 1 John 5:16 ,1 Co 16:22.  If we diminish the necessity and righteousness of judgement, we will diminish the work of Christ on the Cross.

Having found salvation in God, David desires to please the Lord by offering him true and sincere worship: Psa 69:30-31.


Lesson 4

Note from Kathy: In the sidebar, I have added an article on bible reading and the link to Megan Hill’s wonderful book on prayer.


Lesson 4

Psalm 110

This is the 3rd psalm of David in book five and it shows us the redemptive plan of god, and even the whole meaning of the kingship. Most of it is about a victorious king who God, himself, seats at His right hand. He promises to subject the king’s enemies to him that they will be no more than a footstool. (soldiers would put their feet on the neck of the defeated).

Jesus draws our attention to a detail in this text that we might otherwise overlook. It is so important that the three Synoptic gospels record His statement (Matt. 22:41-46). Continue reading “Lesson 4”

Lesson 3

The Messiah in the Psalms

First we need to see the scripture in its historical context, but we need to see the N T  as a guide to how we can approach the psalms. It is significant that Jesus speaks in a comprehensive way about his relationship to the Old Testament.

Luk 24:25  And he said to them, “O foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! Luk 24:26  Was it not necessary that the Christ should suffer these things and enter into his glory?” Luk 24:27  And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he interpreted to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning himself.

The crucifixion and the resurrection were not haphazard events but were part of God’s plan already revealed in the Old Testament.  If then Jesus is the fulfillment of the O T Scriptures then we should see the O T as incomplete and anticipates the Messiah who would fulfill all things. This implies that the O T cannot be fully understood apart from understanding that Jesus is the fulfillment of God’s plan through out the redemptive history. We cannot properly understand the O T without reading through Christological lens. Continue reading “Lesson 3”

Psalm Lesson 2

Tuesday was a study of Psalms 2 and 3. We used commentaries from Robert Godfrey, John Calvin and also had help from bible.org articles. Both Psalms are attributed to David and we see references to the Messiah. We see man’s rebellion and God’s faithful care of His chosen ones.

Psalm 2

The Reign of the Lord’s Anointed

Psalm 2 is the most frequently quoted psalm in the New Testament. It fits together in an interesting way with Psalm 1 to introduce the Book of Psalms. Psalm 1 begins with, “How blessed”; Psalm 2 ends with the same word (in Hebrew). Psalm 1 ends with a threat; Psalm 2 begins with a threat.  In Psalm 1 the theme is the contrast between the righteous and the wicked person; in Psalm 2 the theme is the contrast between the rebellion of wicked rulers and nations and the rule of God’s righteous Messiah. Psalm 1 consists of two stanzas and six verses. Psalm 2 is twice as long, consisting of four stanzas and 12 verses. Continue reading “Psalm Lesson 2”