Ruth Lesson 2

Rth 3:1  Then Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, “My daughter, should I not seek rest for you, that it may be well with you? Rth 3:2  Is not Boaz our relative, with whose young women you were? See, he is winnowing barley tonight at the threshing floor. Rth 3:3  Wash therefore and anoint yourself, and put on your cloak and go down to the threshing floor, but do not make yourself known to the man until he has finished eating and drinking. Rth 3:4  But when he lies down, observe the place where he lies. Then go and uncover his feet and lie down, and he will tell you what to do.” Rth 3:5  And she replied, “All that you say I will do.”

Rest as used in this context implies the security and benefits that are to be found in a godly marriage

Winnowing in Palestine consisted of throwing the mixture of straw, chaff, and grain up into the wind by means of a fork with large teeth. The worthless chaff was blown away from the winnower, the straw less far, while the valuable heavier kernels of grain fell back onto the threshing floor. The separation is the result of a breeze that usually blows off the Mediterranean from 4-5PM until sunset. The wind however must not be too strong, for then even the heavy valuable portions of the grain would be blown away with the lighter chaff. In summer the west wind blows very strongly in the afternoon but drops off in the evening, so that the evening hours provide the most desirable wind conditions. The threshing-floors  are constructed in the fields, preferably in an exposed position in order to get the full benefit of the winds. 

 

Naomi felt responsible for Ruth’s future husband and home. Naomi was no longer depressed, but had now in a positive sense become a matchmaker and was preparing Ruth to seek the love of her willing kinsman-redeemer, Boaz. Naomi’s motive was unselfish for she knew that if Ruth remained an unprotected widow in a foreign land, life could go very hard for her. 

 

Ruth and Boaz Marry

Rth 4:13  So Boaz took Ruth, and she became his wife. And he went in to her, and the LORD gave her conception, and she bore a son. Rth 4:14  Then the women said to Naomi, “Blessed be the LORD, who has not left you this day without a redeemer, and may his name be renowned in Israel! Rth 4:15  He shall be to you a restorer of life and a nourisher of your old age, for your daughter-in-law who loves you, who is more to you than seven sons, has given birth to him.” Ruth 4:16  Then Naomi took the child and laid him on her lap and became his nurse. Rth 4:17  And the women of the neighborhood gave him a name, saying, “A son has been born to Naomi.” They named him Obed. He was the father of Jesse, the father of David.

Note that the offspring or firstborn would be considered the son of Mahlon and any additional sons born would legally be the offspring of Boaz. Moses explains that…

“And it shall be that the first-born whom she bears shall assume the name of his dead brother, that his name may not be blotted out from Israel.” (Dt 25:6)

It is because of this that Naomi is said to have a Redeemer. Note that the redeemer is not Boaz. The redeemer is the child which had been born. It is the birth of this child that would take away Naomi’s reproach of childlessness. It is this child who would take care of her in her old age. And it is this child of whom it is said, “May his name become famous (literally – “be called”) in Israel.”

It is through the birth of a baby born in Bethlehem that Naomi is going to find her redemption. This baby has a name which shall be proclaimed both in Israel and throughout the world. For whoever calls upon this name shall be saved.

These events in Moab and Bethlehem played their part in leading up to the birth of David. But that is not all. David is not an end unto himself. He is merely the forerunner of the Messiah. God’s hand is over all history. God works out His purpose, generation after generation.

Ruth Lesson 1

An Extraordinary God

In the Lives of

Ordinary People

Ruth was the great grandmother of King David. She is also one of only four women specifically named by Matthew in the lineage of Christ (Matthew 1:5). Jewish tradition credits Samuel as the author, which is plausible since he did not die (1 Sam. 25:1) until after he had anointed David as God’s chosen king (1 Sam. 16:6–13). However, neither internal features nor external testimony conclusively identifies the writer. This  story most likely appeared shortly before or during David’s reign of Israel (1011–971 B.C.).

 

For many years, Moab oppressed Israel during the period of the judges, if you read Judges chapter 3, at least 18 years of direct oppression by Moab against Israel during the period of the judges. So Moab, on and off again, was troublesome to Israel. Moab was idolatrous, rejected the true God, and was generally an enemy of Israel. This country originated when Lot fathered Moab by an incestuous union with his oldest daughter (Gen. 19:37).

 

 

 

 

 

Continue reading “Ruth Lesson 1”

Esther Lesson 5

The essence of holy war in the Old Testament is not about two nations in warfare, one of which happens to be Israel. Holy war is about God warring against sin and evil on the earth.

Est 8:1  Haman has been executed , but the evil he set in motion lives on in the decree of death against the Jewish people. This had not been revoked by the king. One wonders what would have happened if Mordecai had bowed to Haman in Esther 3 and Esther 4? His courage and commitment to not bow set in motion the series of divine “coincidences” in Esther 5-7 which resulted in the death of Haman and ultimately raised Mordecai to the number two position in Persia! Continue reading “Esther Lesson 5”

Esther Lesson 4

 

Ps 121:3-4

3 He will not allow your foot to slip; He who keeps you will not slumber.

4 Behold, He who keeps Israel will neither slumber nor sleep.

 

Est 5:1  On the third day Esther put on her royal robes and stood in the inner court of the king’s palace, in front of the king’s quarters, while the king was sitting on his royal throne inside the throne room opposite the entrance to the palace.

In Lesson 4, we see Esther puts on her royal robes as queen, and requests an audience with the king. Knowing she may lose her life if he doesn’t extend his gold scepter to her. The king responds favorably toward her.  Continue reading “Esther Lesson 4”